A. Restated thesis statement.
B. Summary of poverty and its causes.Poverty is caused by the following factors: corruption, overpopulation, lack of education, and unemployment.
Poverty is a state or condition in which a person or community lacks the financial resources and essentials to enjoy a minimum standard of life and
well-being that’s considered acceptable in society. –Investopedia. (2014). “Terms beginning with P” p.4
Poverty is one of the major problems in the Philippines which should be solved. Because of poverty, people suffer from hunger and people live on the streets.
“There is Bec, a 56-year-old visually impaired worker at the Department of Education central office, who was tutored at a young age by SPED-trained teachers Gerardo Consolacion and Ricardo Monegro.
The focused mentoring helped her cultivate a love for learning as she eventually earned her Bachelor of Arts degree from the Central Philippine University in Iloilo City. For over 30 years now, she has devoted her life preparing Braille materials for visually-impaired students in public schools.
There is also 54-year-old farmer Bert of Sierra Bullones, Bohol whose lack of education was no hindrance to his dream of a better life for his family. His desire to familiarize himself with various farming techniques led him to participate in the training programs provided by the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) and other agencies.
The various training Bert attended cultivated his preference for fertilizer from animal manure over the costlier chemical-based alternatives. He has, since then, used and advocated for organic farming in Bohol. These are people who, despite the hardship brought by destitution and disability, refused to use illegal means to survive and instead made themselves available for service to the country in their own little way. They are people who played by the government’s rules – the rule of law – and benefited in return.
There is a term for it, and it is called “trust.” It is the acknowledgment that social mobility is possible through the coordinated efforts of government and civil society. The book, by virtue of inherent limitations in form and volume, fails to document the thousand other Filipinos fighting their way through bureaucratic hurdles and “falling through the cracks.” Then again, that is not what the book is for.
It makes no mention, for instance, of those on the opposite side of the spectrum: people who have abandoned all hope. This is precisely because the stories featured are meant to build trust and a resolve to overcome poverty.” –Bernal. B. (2013). 18 stories of Filipinos overcoming poverty.
This is a story about Filipino citizens who are trying to overcome poverty through their hardships. Most Filipinos are trying to find a way out of poverty. Filipinos are known as hard workers and dedicated citizens. But it is not enough. The government should also help to overcome poverty in the country. The government should be a model to its people. But it is not happening. The government is one of the reasons why there is poverty in the Philippines.
Corruption is a cause of poverty in the Philippines. The government raises the tax and all the other expenses of the people but do not use the money for the benefit of the people. They use the money for the benefit of their own. They keep it for themselves and tell the people that they worked for the money they have. Corruption leads to poverty in a way that the people’s money is being kept and used by the people who are just using their position in the government to be rich. All they care about is their selves. They do not care about the people suffering because of what they are doing.
Read more: Problems in the Phillipines
“Former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo of the Philippines was arrested Thursday afternoon on corruption charges related to allegations of misuse of $8.8 million in state lottery funds during her administration.” –Floyd W. (2012). Philippines Ex-President Is Arrested in Hospital on New Charges.
This news tells that even the highest official can do corruption. This is one of the reasons why there is poverty in the Philippines. The officials are not honest to the people of their country. They keep the money of the people for their own and let the people suffer. They use their power to flee themselves from the consequences that should be given to them. They are stealing from their people. They should be punished and suffer from the same thing that the people are experiencing because of what they have done. All they think about is their selves. They do not care whether they are making other people suffer. What matters to them is they should be able to do what they want to do.
Another cause of poverty in the Philippines is overpopulation. People do not plan on what they want to do with their future families. They do not plan on how many kids the want to have and can support all through their lives. What happens is they make babies, more babies, and then afterwards they won’t have any money left to buy food for their family. So every member of the family suffers.
“Most developing nations have large number of people who are illiterate, live below the poverty line and have little or no knowledge about family planning. Getting their children married at an early age increase the chances of producing more kids. Those people are unable to understand the harmful effects of overpopulation and lack of ignorance prompts them to avoid family planning measures” –Overpopulation. (2014).
Nowadays, many teenagers are getting pregnant. Teenagers are getting curious about having sex at an early age that can cause overpopulation. Without planning on what their lives would be and how it will affect the community.
“There are a lot of reasons as to why the Philippines is overpopulated. One reason, or I was able to think of, is Pre-Marital Sex. We learn from the Bible that sex before marriage is a sin and yet a lot of people do it. Some happens accidentally but some do it on purpose. Another cause of overpopulation is unprotected sex. Maybe one of the reasons as to why people do it is mainly just because of pleasure. Come to think of it, I ask myself ‘why do they do it when they know that it could actually lead to something bad?’
This is a cause of overpopulation because the child born was just mainly an accident. These couples did not want to have a child in the first place and that one child is a big contribution to the country’s population. Another main cause that hit me the most is those families on the poverty level still manage to get a child when they already have fiver or even more to take care of. They keep on making children when they know themselves that they are only limited to a number.” – Whang. C. (2012). Overpopulation in the Philippines.
Pre-Marital Sex is caused by lack of education when it comes to sexual education. Lack of education is another cause of poverty. Most children have no opportunity to study. They can’t go to school because they have no money and no one is helping them, especially the government. If they do not study, they won’t be able to get a job in the future. And then they will suffer again from the same problem, poverty. If the children will not learn anything especially the lessons about pre-marital sex, there is a big chance that they will try it at an early age out of curiosity.
“The biggest cause of overpopulation in the Philippines is the lack of education. People there don’t have the knowledge on how to use contraceptives. The big and powerful Roman Catholic Church (which basically controls the country) disapproves of any form of sexual education and birth contraceptives. This explains the lack of sexual education and the government constant refusal to provide free birth control for its citizens.” –Anonymous. (N.D)
The church disapproves to sexual education which is why the children have a lack of knowledge when it comes to sexual intercourse. Sex education somehow must be taught to children when they are already at the right age for them to know the effects of pre-marital sex.
“Unemployment creates a lack of financial stability, leading to a downwards spiral in social mobility and eventually poverty. The unemployed will have a lower standard of living than most employed people. Lack of a regular income leads to the inability to be able to maintain the basic needs, including fundamental provisions such as eating healthy foods, buying into health care and providing adequate heating for the home. While there are many types of poverty, the reasons behind poverty are always a lack of money. It is possible to live in poverty even with employment. A low paid worker may suffer much the same hardships.” –Anonymous. (N.D)
When a person is unemployed, he will have no income to earn for himself. Being employed is a very important way to prevent poverty. When you are employed, you are going to earn money. You will be able to supply all your needs in everyday life. Unlike the unemployed persons, they cannot supply themselves with all their needs. Unemployment leads to poverty because when a person has no job, he will have no money to buy food and no shelter to live in, he will have to depend on the help coming from other people.
Bernal. B. (2013). 18 stories of Filipinos overcoming poverty. Retrieved from http://www.rappler.com/move-ph/22936-18-stories-of-filipinos-overcoming-poverty Floyd W. (2012). Philippines Ex-President Is Arrested in Hospital on New Charges. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/05/world/asia/philippines-ex-president-arrested-in-hospital-on-new-charges.html?_r=0 Investopedia. (2014). Terms beginning with “P”. p.4. Retrieved from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/p/?page=4 Overpopulation. (2014).Retrieved from http://www.conserve-energy-future.com/causes-effects-solutions-of-overpopulation.php Whang. C. (2012). Overpopulation in the Philippines. Retrieved from http://catherinewhang12.blogspot.com/2012/09/overpopulation-in-philippines.html Anonymous. (N.D). What are the causes of over population in the Philippines? Retrieved from http://www.answers.com/Q/What_are_the_causes_of_over_population_in_the_Philippines Anonymous. (N.D) How does unemployment lead to poverty? Retrieved form http://www.ask.com/world-view/unemployment-lead-to-poverty-446388fca79c3879
Effects of Population Growth in the Philippines
Chapter 1 . Introduction
According to the NSO or National Statistics Office in the Philippines, the population growth as of 2013 is ninety eight million seven hundred thirty four thousand seven hundred ninety eight or 98,734,798 in numbers. It is said that the rate of the population of the Philippines is rapidly growing. Chuchcuchuchu we must know the shape of things to come, this days our country is in the state of growing population which eventuaaly leads to several environmental ‘sues as well as social problems. These threats are very necessary to be addressed, as they will affect eople worldwide.
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It is important that we look at these problems since every human has the ability to prevent future damages and adjust their lifestyles to decelerate this increase in population.. II. Statement of the Problem Effects of the Population Growth in the Philippines This study aimed to know the possible effects of the growth of population in the Philippines: Specifically, this study attempted to answer the following questions:
1 . Is the rising of the population of the Philippines is a boon or a bane?
2. What is the cause why Filipinos have immense population growth? Ill. Significance of the study
It is hope that the result of the study is significant to the following: To the government officials: The result of this study should serve as a wakeup call for them to be able to attend this one major of the problem of our country. To the community: The result of this study can be used to know the status and effects of the population growth in the Philippines. To the teachers: The result significant to them particularly those who handle subjects in line with research because the output can be used as an instructional materials to provide a richer learning environment to their students.
To the students: The result of this study will help the students to be aware of the population growth in our country. To the Future related research to the present investigation.
Chapter 2 V. Research
Population History The first census in the Philippines was founded in 1591, based on tributes collected. Based on this tribute counting, there were about 666,712 people in the islands. In 1600, this method was revamped by the Spanish officials, who then based the counting of the population through church records. In 1799, Friar Manuel Buzeta estimated the population count as 1,502,574.
However, the first official census was onducted only in 1878, when the population as of midnight on December 31, 1877 was counted. This was followed by two more censuses, namely, the 1887 census, and the 1898 census. The 1887 census yielded a count of while that of 1898 Yielded 7,832,719 inhabitants.
In 1903 the population of the Philippines was recounted by American authorities to fulfill Act 467. The survey yielded 7,635,426 people, including 56,138, who were foreign-born. BETWEEN 1903 AND 1941 1939 This census was undertaken in conformity with Section 1 of C. A. 170.
It was the first taken under the Commonwealth government with Census day on January 1. The Philippine population figure was 16,000,303. 1941 In 1941 the estimated population of the Philippines reached 17,000,000. Manila’s population was 684,000. By then, some 27% of the population could speak English as a second language, while the number of Spanish speakers as first language had further fallen to 3% from 10-14% at the beginning of the century. However, Spanish as a second language continued to be spoken and understood at varying levels of expertise, far more than English. In 1936, Tagalog was selected to be the basis for a national language.
In 1987, the Tagalog-based Filipino language was designated the national language.
PHILIPPINE CENSUS SURVEYS
In 1960, the government of the Philippines conducted a survey on both population, and housing. The population was pegged at 27,087,685. Successive surveys were again conducted on 1970, 1975, 1980, and 1990, which gave the population as 36,684,948, and respectively. on 1995, the POPCEN was launched, undertaken at the month of September, The data provided the bases for the Internal Revenue Allocation to local government units, and for the creation of new legislative areas.
The count was made official by then President Fidel Ramos by Proclamation No, 849 on August 14, 1995, The population was 68,616,536. According o the executive director of the Commission on Population Tomas Osias, the population of the Philippines may reach 101. 2 million by 2014. Attempts to introduce a reproductive health law to bring down the population growth rate has been consistently opposed by the Catholic Church, the dominant religion of the country. http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Demographics_of_the_Philippines it.
Reasons why Filipino have immense population growth
a. Population Tradition of having big families – Filipino prefers to have big family of 6-12 children. They believe that their children will lessen their loneliness during old gifts of God, more than wealth. . Question of Gender – parents want to have their first born child to be a boy. They ignore family planning, because they want to have boys as their next child if they have only girls.
c. The male macho image – Most Filipino feel that masculinity lies on the ability to impregnate their wives frequently.
d. Educational background – The less educated the people, the more they have children. The more educated the people, the fewer children they want.
e. Unsatisfactory/lneffective family relationship – There is an increase in Filipino population because they believe that contraceptives are hindrances to a full sexual leasure of a couple and that they endanger the health of women. They feel that family planning is an intrusion to private affair of the married couple.
f. Economic reasons – The family tends to choose the number of children they want for economic reasons.
Children help family to raise food, haul water and work for wages outside the home. People tend to have more children because they feel it improves their economic security.
g. Contraceptive methods – Catholic Church disapproves the use of contraceptive methods in family planning. http://www. slideshare. net/AC104/ philippine-population ill.
Problems on Population growth
a. Environmental problem Increase in population means increase in waste materials thrown in the environment and there is a greater degradation and deterioration of nature.
b. Deforestation To provide for the expansion of food production through forest clearing, to intensify production on already cultivated land resulting to deforestation thereby: increasing the frequency and severity of floods and soil erosion degradation of soil by using of fertilizers if land will be converted to agricultural use habitat fragmentation leading to species decline.
c. Global Climate Change Research suggests that temperatures have been influenced by growing concentrations of greenhouse gases, which absorb solar radiation and warm the atmosphere. Research also suggests that many changes in atmospheric gas are human-induced.
Contributions related to industrial production and energy consumption lead to carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel use. Land-use changes, such as deforestation affect the exchange of carbon dioxide between the Earth and the atmosphere Some agricultural processes, such as paddy rice cultivation, livestock production are responsible for greenhouse gas releases into the atmosphere, especially methane.
d. Social problem Over population may result to prostitution, drug addiction, crime, Juvenile delinquency, suicide, accommodation issues and others due to lack of opportunity to have a nice stable Job because of too much competition.
e. Economic problem The economists consider population growth a problem because it hinders the countrys effort to satisfy the needs of the citizens.
f. Unemployment High population means an increase labour supply. With so many able-bodied worker but very low Job opportunities, the unemployment rate rocketed. The Philippines has one of the highest unemployment rate at 7% amongst Southeast Asian countries.
g. Poverty with 13. 33% and Malaysia with only 3. 6%. h. Educational problem It is a problem when the Philippine government cannot provide enough education, classrooms, school facilities, education materials even qualified teachers. . Health problem The health condition of the people is being affected due to adverse conditions: prevalence of disease, epidemics and undernourishment.
j. Spiritual and moral Due to overpopulation, people become materialistic and liberalistic. The morality and spirituality of young generation seem rapidly declining.
k. Problem of food supply Overpopulation leads to problem on how to provide for people’s basic needs. Problem of destruction of nature Population growth may result to fast deteriorating environmental resources, such as virgin forest. . Agricultural lands are converted into industrial sites, biodiversity becomes endangered.
m. Increase in waste materials thrown on the environment and there is a greater degradation and deterioration of nature. n. Crimes A growing unemployment rate would mean a rising crime rate, insecurity and instability. http://www. slideshare. net/AC104/philippine-population
Possible effects of population growth
a. Advancement of technology Because more bright minds are being born, technology will advance at a faster rate.
When technology advances, resources like oil and coal will be seen as an inefficient way to gain energy, so the environment will benefit.
b. Economic Growth Growing population can generate economic growth as it causes more demand for products and also leads to an upsurge in human labor in a country.
c. The government and private sector will have to start planning for their education and health needs as well as for their employment.
Chapter 3 V. Scope and Limitation This study is limited only to the effects of the population growth in our ountry.
This study was conducted at the Batangas State University ARASOF Nasugbu during the academic year 2013-2014. This study aimed to discuss the possible effects of population growth and on how Filipinos come to this amount of population. This study compile the researches from the book and the internet that was conducted by the group.
Today, over ninety million people exist on the Philippines and an increase of about 2. 04% of growth occurs annually. A growing population leads to several attributed to several variables. In our country, we can credit the growth to increased immigration or lack of migration.
The traditional ways, lack of education and contraceptive use and the need or desire for more children also adds to the population. As a result of this overpopulation we experience social issues such as increased rates of poverty, crime, diseases, and environmental problems such as increased global warming, natural disasters, loss of habitat, pollution, and more. These threats are very necessary to be addressed, as they will affect people worldwide. It is important that we look at these problems since every human has the ability to prevent future damages and adjust their lifestyles to decelerate this increase in population.
The research done in this project allows a closer look at the fact that overpopulation is a problem and that increasing standards of living will only add to the resource demand and limited supply. Thus, some actions that population should take upon is to continue to strive to reduce suffering by combating disease and poverty around the world; continue to improve resource efficiency and pollution control so that standards of living can rise without negative impact; and keep human population to numbers that are sustainable.
Furthermore, making sure people around the world have access to family planning services; empowering omen in developing countries economically, socially, and legally in a manner that results in them having an equal say (with their husbands) in reproductive decisions; modifying school curricula to include information on population levels and implications for the future; reforming tax laws in a way that encourages couples to have no more than two children.
Along with such strategies, we must also encourage organic farming and other forms of sustainable development. Using wind energy products will make a difference. Slowing urbanization as well by providing other alternatives will be effective.