Reading time: 2 minutesDifficulty: Intermediate
Are you struggling to write essays in French? In this article, I have shared a list of 30 useful French words and phrases that will help you create more sophisticated written arguments for your exam (at school or for DELF exam).
If you want to learn even more, check out one of my e-books here: Improving French Vocabulary (the most complete French Vocabulary e-book available).
I also offer an extended version of this blog post, (57 French phrases instead of just 30) saved as a PDF which you can print for daily use. Click on the button below.
|à la fin||in the end|
|à mon avis / quant à moi / selon moi||in my opinion|
|autrement dit||in other words|
|avant de conclure||before concluding...|
|bien que je puisse comprendre que||although I can understand that|
|cela va sans dire que||it goes without saying that|
|d’après moi||according to me|
|d’une part, d’autre part||on one hand, on the other hand|
|en ce qui concerne...||as far as ... is concerned|
|en outre||furthermore / moreover|
|enfin||finally, at last|
|grâce à||thanks to|
|il est donc question de||it is a matter of|
|il faut bien reconnaître que||it must be recognised that|
|il semble que les avantages l'emportent sur les inconvenients||it seems that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages|
|il serait absurde de dire que||it would be absurd to say that|
|il vaut mieux||it is better to|
|je crois que||i think/ believe that|
|je soutiens donc que||I maintain that|
|je suis contre||I am against|
|je voudrais souligner que||I’d like to underline that|
|la premiere constatation qui s'impose, c'est que||the first thing to be noted is that|
|ne… ni… ni||neither… nor|
|pas forcément la faute de||not necessarily the fault of|
|pour commencer||to start with|
|selon moi||according to me|
|tout bien considéré||all things considered|
If you are hungry for more, do not hesitate to take a look at my French language e-books and audio here. One of which is the most comprehensive French vocabulary e-book available in the market.
Get it now for only $14.90
Let me know which you find the most useful for you in the comments section.
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About the Author Frederic
Frederic Bibard is the founder of Talk in French, a company that helps french learners to practice and improve their french. Macaron addict. Jacques Audiard fan. You can contact him on Twitter and Google +
This checklist that I have created helps my students and will help you with thorough proofreading of your essays to give yourself the best chances of success.
Recommended for VCE French, DELF or any written exam preparation or French assignment!
Note: this checklist is part of the resources I’ve included in my French VCE exam revision guide, “How to Prepare for the French VCE & Reach your Maximum Score”.
- Practice well before an exam so that you know what you should pay particular attention to on for the big day.
- Download the free PDF version of my Proofreading Checklist. There is a bonus checklist inside!
- I suggest that you first read my article about How to Write the Perfect French Essay and that you use the following proofreading checklist after you’re done writing. Allow at least 10minutes for proofreading before handing out your copy. The proofreading stage is too often skipped by students, while this could actually help fix some simple mistakes…
Efficient proofreading requires basic French grammar notions (click here for an introduction).
- Check for any spelling mistake (including the use of accents)
- Check for any missing word
- Avoid repetitions, use pronouns where possible
- A typical sentence starts with the subject. Use a comma to separate any additional information that you would like to include before the subject.
Ex: Il est rentré de vacances la semaine dernière.
La semaine dernière, il est rentré de vacances.
- Contracted articles:
- Presence and relevant use of linking words/connectors to structure the text
Nouns and related
For each noun,
- Is the gender of the noun correct? (masculine/feminine) – check in the dictionary if its use is permitted
- Do the nouns have articles? (most often the case in French, except with occupations)
- Use the preposition « de » before the noun (without an article!) when referring to quantities.
Ex: beaucoup de café, un peu de sucre mais pas de lait.
- Make sure the articles and adjectives agree in gender and number with the noun they describe.
- Same thing about the adjective “quel(le)(s)” and words derived from it (lequelle, duquel, etc)
- Position of adjectives: before or after the noun?
- Capital letters are not as commonly used in French:
- No capitalisation for names of months or days
Ex: mardi, septembre
- Nationalities: use capital letters for nouns but not for adjectives.
Ex: un Australien (=the person) ; un kangourou australien (=adjective of nationality)
- No capitalisation for names of months or days
- Capitalise proper nouns, i.e names of places/countries/town, of people
- Country names generally have an article in French!
Ex: China = la Chine
Verbs and related
For each verb,
- Check that you have used the right verb, at the right tense and mood
- The verb agrees with the subject
- Adverbs are usually positioned after the verb
- Does the verb need to be used with a specific preposition? ( à, de, etc)
- If using reported/indirect speech: if the introductory verb is in the past tense, have you applied any relevant backshift of tense in the reported speech?
- Compound tenses (passé composé, plus-que-parfait, conditionnel passé, etc):
- Use of « être » or « avoir » auxiliary ?
- Does the past participle need to agree (with the subject, with an object)?
- The negation has 2 parts (not 3!)
- Correct position of the negation (especially with compound tenses or infinitives)
- Infinitive: If using 2 verbs referring to the same subject, the second should be in the infinitive form.
Ex: J’adore lire.
- I there any expression that triggers the use of the subjunctive?
- The subjunctive can only be used when the subjects of the 2 verbs are different: is this the case?
- Identify and avoid useless repetitions by using pronouns.
- What type of pronoun is needed? (direct object, indirect, stress pronoun, reflexive, relative, etc)
- Check that the form of the pronoun matches what it stands for.
Ex: “Ma famille”=”elle” (fem.sing.)
- Ensure that the pronoun is not far from its antecedent/what it stands for : can we easily understand what it refers to?
I hope this helps! Don’t forget to download my user-friendly PDF Proofreading Checklist below.
If you require more help with your proofreading, you can submit your text via my French Essay Correction service.
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