Akademik Lazarev Research Papers

World Navies Today: Russian Civilian Scientific & Support Vessels

Revised 18 October 2001
Version 1.02
Compiled and Maintained by: Andrew Toppan
World Navies Today Main Page: http://www.hazegray.org/worldnav/

This list includes all known Russian government owned/operated vessels subordinated to civilian (non-naval) agencies of the government. Only vessels over 500 tons displacement are included. Non-self-propelled craft and non-seagoing vessels are not included.

Ships not yet commissioned, or in long-term overhaul/conversion, are listed in italics. Navigation and surface-search radars are not listed. All classifications are purely unofficial and are based on an attempt to use standard classifications throughout all navies; they may or may not correspond to "official" designations.


State of the Russian Fleet: Due to continued political, economic and societal chaos in Russia, the Fleet is in a badly deteriorated state. Even those ships that remain in commission and theoretically operational are generally unable to deploy, due to lack of trained crews and lack of funds to buy fuel and stores. In general maintenance is minimal or nonexistent, and there are no funds to conduct much-needed overhauls, even for major fleet units. Many ships have been abandoned when repairs or refits came due.

This list identifies those units believed to remain operational, but most of these units are unable to deploy for the reasons cited above. Ships in refit are listed only when there is a reasonable chance of them returning to service. Ships laid up pending refit generally are listed, as they could return to service if funding became available.

Many ships, especially auxiliaries, have been operating in commercial or charter freight or passenger service to raise operating funds. These are listed as active units, as they could rapidly return to naval roles if required.

Fleets: The following abbreviations are used to indicate fleet assignements:
NOR: Northern Fleet, headquarters at Severomorsk.
PAC: Pacific Fleet, headquarters at Vladivostok.
BLK: Black Sea Fleet, headquarters at Sevastopol.
BALT: Baltic Sea Fleet, headquarters at Kaliningrad.
CASP: Caspian Flotilla.
RIV: Units assigned to service on inland rivers.


Ministry of the Merchant Marine
Ministry of the Gas Industry and oil/gas exploration ships
Hydrometeorological Service and weather ships
Academy of Sciences
Ministry of Geology
Ministry of Fisheries
Other Scientific Ships
Sail Training Ships



Ministry of the Merchant Marine

Arktika class nuclear powered polar icebreakers (3+1 ships)

Displacement: 23,625 tons full load (last unit: 25,800 tons full load)
Dimensions: 150 x 30 x 11 meters/492.1 x 98.4 x 36.1 feet (last unit: 159.6 x 30 x 11 meters/523.6 x 98.4 x 36.1 feet)
Propulsion: Steam turbine-electric, 2 reactors, 3 shafts, 72,000 shp, 20.5 knots
Crew: 147 + 35 passengers
Radar: MR-760 Fregat-MA/Top Plate 3-D air search in some
Aviation: aft flight deck and hangar for 2 Ka-32 helicopters

Concept/Program: Large, highly capable icebreakers intended for service in heavy polar ice conditions. Are the world's most powerful icebreakers; all units have been to the North Pole at least once. Have lavish accommodations and have been used as polar cruise ships in recent years. The final unit is being built to a modified design, with accommodations for 100 passengers, but construction has stalled.

Builders: Baltic SY, St. Petersburg.

Disposals/Reserve: Arktika and Sibir' have been laid up since 1992, reportedly due to severe hull deterioration; they probably will not return to service.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Rossiya1985NOR
Sovetskiy Soyuz1990NOR
Yamal1992NOR
50 Let Pobedysuspended
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Yermak class polar icebreakers (2 ships)

Displacement: 20,241 tons full load
Dimensions: 134.83 x 26.07 x 11 meters/442.4 x 85.5 x 36.1 feet
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, 9 Sulzer diesels, 3 shafts, 36,000 shp, 19.5 knots
Crew: 91 + 55 passengers
Aviation: aft helicopter deck

Concept/Program: Russia's most powerful non-nuclear icebreakers.

Builders: Wartsila, Helsinki, Finland.

Disposals/Reserve: Kapitan Makarov scrapped 1995.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Yermak1974PACVladivostok
Krasin1976NORMurmansk
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Discarded Classes: All five Moskva class polar icebreakers stricken by 1997.

Taymyr class large nuclear powered coastal icebreakers (2 ships)

Displacement: 23,460 tons full load
Dimensions: 150.2 x 29.2 x 9 meters/492.8 x 95.8 x 29.5 feet
Propulsion: Steam turbine-electric, 1 KLT-40M reactor, 2 turbines, 3 shafts, 48,000 shp, 22 knots
Crew: 110 + flight crew + medical personnel
Aviation: aft helicopter deck and hangar for 1 Ka-32 helicopter

Concept/Program: Very large icebreakers intended for service in Arctic estuaries and other shallow areas. Russia's largest icebreakers, by displacement. Can break 1.8 meter/5.9 foot ice continuously.

Builders: Wartsila, Helsinki, Finland/completed by Baltic SY, St. Petersburg.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Taymyr1989NOR
Vaygach1990NOR
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Kapitan Sorokin large coastal icebreaker (1 ship)

Displacement: 17,000 tons full load
Dimensions: 138 x 30.5 x 8.5 meters/452.8 x 100.1 x 27.9 feet
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, 6 Sulzer diesels, 3 shafts, 22,300 shp, 19 knots
Crew: 76
Aviation: aft helicopter deck and hangar for 1 helicopter

Concept/Program: Formerly a standard unit of the class listed below; has been refitted with an englarged bow to improve icebreaking capabilities. Intended for work in shallow coastal waters. Fitted for towing and salvage.

Builders: Wartsila, Helsinki, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Kapitan Sorokin1977NORMurmansk
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Kapitan Sorokin class large coastal icebreakers (3 ships)

Displacement: 14,790 tons full load (K. Nikolayev: 15,200 tons full load)
Dimensions: 132.4 x 26.5 x 8.5 meters/424.4 x 86.9 x 27.9 feet (K. Nikolayev: 134.18 x 26.5 x 8.5 meters/440.2 x 86.9 x 27.9 feet)
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, 6 Sulzer diesels, 3 shafts, 22,300 shp, 19 knots
Crew: 76
Aviation: aft helicopter deck and hangar for 1 helicopter

Concept/Program: Non-nuclear icebreakers for work in shallow coastal waters. Capable of breaking 1.4 meter/4.6 foot ice continuously; fitted for towing and salvage. Class leadship has been modified with a new bow and is listed separately, above.

Builders: Wartsila, Helsinki, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Kapitan Nikolayev1978NORMurmansk
Kapitan Dranitsyn1980PACVladivostok
Kapitan Khlebnikov1981PACVladivostok
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Mudyug coastal icebreaker (1 ship)

Displacement: 7,775 tons full load
Dimensions: 111.36 x 22.2 x 6.5 meters/365.4 x 72.8 x 21.3 feet
Propulsion: 4 diesels, 2 shafts, 9,380 bhp, 17.45 knots
Crew: 34 + 9 transients

Concept/Program: Formerly a standard unit of the class listed below; has been refitted with an englarged bow to improve icebreaking capabilities. Intended for operations in shallow, protected seas; can break 1 meter/3.3 foot ice.

Builders: Wartsila, Helsinki, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Mudyug1982NORArkhangel'sk
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Mudyug class coastal icebreakers (2 ships)

Displacement: 6,210 tons full load
Dimensions: 92 x 21.4 x 6.5 meters/301.9 x 70.2 x 21.3 feet
Propulsion: 4 diesels, 2 shafts, 9,380 bhp, 17.45 knots
Crew: 34

Concept/Program: Smaller icebreakers intended for operations in shallow, protected seas; can break .5 meter/1.6 foot ice. Class leadship has been modified with a new bow and is listed separately, above.

Builders: Wartsila, Helsinki, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Magadan1982PACVladivostok
Dikson1983NORMurmansk
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Dobrynya Nikitich class port icebreakers (6 ships)

Displacement: 2,675-2,940 tons full load
Dimensions: 67.7 x 18.29 x 6.06 meters/222.1 x 60 x 19.9 feet
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, 3 diesels, 2 shafts, 5,400 shp, 14.5 knots; 1 bow shaft
Crew: 39

Concept/Program: Standard Soviet/Russian port icebreakers; this class and variants are or were operated by several Soviet/Russian agencies and several foreign nations. Often used as ocean tugs in the summer.

Builders: Admiralty SY, St. Petersburg.

Disposals/Reserve: Several sisters discarded 1990's.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Khariton Laptev1962PACVanino
Yerofey Khabarov1963
Ivan Kruzhenshtern1964BALTSt. Petersburg
Yuriy Lisyanskiy1965BALTSt. Petersburg
Ivan Moskvitin1971PACVladivostok
Semen Dezhnev1971BALTSt. Petersburg
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Discarded Classes: All three Kapitan Belosuv class port icebreakers had been discarded by 1996.

Kapitan Yevdokimov class river icebreakers (9 ships)

Displacement: 2,200 tons full load
Dimensions: 76.5 x 16.6 x 2.5 meters/251 x 54.5 x 8.2 feet
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, 4 diesels, 4 shafts (2 forward, 2 aft); 5,170 shp, 13.5 knots
Crew: 25

Concept/Program: Intended for service in Arctic rivers.

Builders: Wartsila, Helsinki, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Kapitan Yevdokimov1983
Kapitan Babichev1983
Kapitan Borodkin1983
Kapitan Chudinov1983
Kapitan Evdokimov1983
Avraamiy Zavenyagin1984
Kapitan Metsayk1984
Kapitan Demidov1984
Kapitan Moshkin1986
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Kapitan Chechkin class river icebreakers (6 ships)

Displacement: 2,240 tons full load
Dimensions: 77.6 x 16.3 x 3.3 meters/254.6 x 53.5 x 10.8 feet
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, 3 diesels, 3 shafts, 6,300 shp, 14 knots
Crew: 28

Concept/Program: Intended for service in Arctic rivers. Can break 1 meter/3.3 foot ice.

Builders: Wartsila, Helsinki, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Kapitan Chechkin1977
Kapitan Plakhin1977
Kapitan Bukayev1978
Kapitan Chadayev1978
Kapitan Krutov1978
Kapitan Zarubin1978
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Kapitan M. Izmaylov class river icebreakers (3 ships)

Displacement: 2,048 tons full load
Dimensions: 56.29 x 16.03 x 4.2 meters/184.7 x 52.6 x 13.8 feet
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, 4 diesels, 2 shafts, 3,400 shp, 14 knots
Crew: 24

Concept/Program: Intended for service on inland rivers and seas. Fitted for towing, salvage and firefighting. Kapitan A. Radzhabov may have been transferred to Azerbaijan.

Builders: Wartsila, Helsinki, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Kapitan M. Izmaylov1976CASPAstrakhan
Kapitan A. Radzhabov1976
Kapitan Kosolabov1976AZOVMariupol
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Stroptivyy class icebreaking rescue tugs (7 ships)

Displacement: 4,200 tons full load
Dimensions: 72.7 x 18.01 x 6.46 meters/238.5 x 59.1 x 21.2 feet
Propulsion: 2 Pielstick diesels, 2 shafts, 7,600 bhp, 15 knots
Crew: 40 + 12 rescuees/passengers

Concept/Program: Large icebreaking tugs intended to support the fishing fleets in northern seas. Equipped for firefighting, salvage, ocean towing, and repair duties.

Builders: Wartsila, Helsinki, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Stroptivyy1979
Stakhanovets1980
Sibirskiy1980
Spravedlivyy1982
Suvorovets1982
Fobos1983
Deymos1983
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Ministry of the Gas Industry and oil/gas exploration ships
(This section lists ships subordinated to the Ministry of the Gas Industry, and oil/gas exploration ships of unknown subordination)

Bavenit class research drillships (2 ships)

Displacement: 5,300 tons full load
Dimensions: 85.81 x 16.81 x 5.6 meters/281.5 x 55.2 x 18.4 feet
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, 4 diesels, 2 shafts, 6,000 shp, 12.75 knots
Crew: 65

Concept/Program: Research drillships built for the Arctic Complex Marine Geology Expedition of the Ministry of the Gas Industry.

Builders: Hollming, Rauma, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Bavenit1986
Bakerit1986
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Akademik Fersman (B-93 type) geophysical research ships (4 ships)

Displacement: 3,250 tons full load
Dimensions: 81.87 x 14.83 x 5 meters/268.6 x 48.7 x 16.4 feet
Propulsion: 1 Sulzer diesel, 1 shaft, 4,200 bhp, 14.5 knots
Crew: 31 + 29 mission crew

Concept/Program: Research ships built the "Shel'f" offshore oil exploration project. Ice strengthened hulls.

Builders: A. Warski SY, Szczecin, Poland.

Disposals/Reserve: 5 other units have been sold or placed on long-term charter.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Akademik Shatskiy1986
Akademik Sel'skiy1986
Akademik Lazarev1986
Akademik Kreps1989
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Modified Akademik Shuleykin class seismic survey ships (2 ships)

Displacement: 2,554 tons full load
Dimensions: 74.61 x 12.83 x 4.7 meters/244.8 x 42.1 x 15.4 feet
Propulsion: 2 diesels, 1 shaft, 3,126 bhp, 14 knots
Crew: 31-38 + 31-38 mission crew

Concept/Program: Modified versions of the Shuleykin class weather ships, built for the Ministry of the Gas Industry as seismic survey/research ships. A sister serves the Ministry of Geology.

Builders: Laivateollisuus SY, Turku, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Akademik Golitsyn1984NORMurmansk
Professor Polshkov1984NORMurmansk
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Trias research drillship (1 ship)

Displacement: ?? (2,500 grt)
Dimensions: 71.4 x 16.01 x ?? meters/234.3 x 52.5 x ?? feet
Propulsion: 2 diesels, 1 shaft, 2,800 bhp, ?? knots
Crew: ??

Concept/Program: Japanese-built research ship fitted with a drilling tower; no other details known. Has been employed in commercial cargo service in recent years.

Builders: Fukushima Zosen, Matsue, Japan.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Trias1984PAC
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Diorit (Modified Al'pinist) class coastal research drillships (2 ships)

Displacement: 1,140-1,185 tons full load
Dimensions: 53.65 x 10.51 x 4.9 meters/176 x 34.5 x 16.1 feet
Propulsion: 1 diesel, 1 shaft, 1,320 bhp, 12.5 knots
Crew: 26 + 11 mission crew

Concept/Program: Sternhaul trawlers modified as geophysical resarch drillships for the Ministry of the Gas Industry, for service in the Baltic. A sister serves the Ministry of Geology.

Builders: Yaroslavl' SY.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Diorit1983BALTKaliningrad
Diabaz1983BALTKaliningrad
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Iskatek'-2 class coastal geophysical research ships (3 ships)

Displacement: 742 tons full load
Dimensions: 49.3 x 18.2 x 1.52 meters/161.7 x 59.7 x 5 feet
Propulsion: 2 Sulzer diesels, 2 shafts, 1,140 bhp, 11.9 knots
Crew: 15 + 10 mission crew

Concept/Program: Catameran-hulled research ships built for shallow water work in support of the "Shel'f" offshore oil exploration project.

Builders: Stocznia Wisla, Gdansk, Poland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Iskatek'-21986
Iskatek'-31987
Iskatek'-41988
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Professor Ryabinkin (Professor Fedinskiy class) coastal geophysical research ship (1 ship)

Displacement: approx. 580 tons full load
Dimensions: 49.92 x 10.65 x 2 meters/163.8 x 34.9 x 6.6 feet
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, 2 diesels, 2 shafts, 1,114 shp, 11 knots
Crew: 30

Concept/Program: Built for the Ministry of the Gas Industry.

Builders: Rauma-Repola, Savonlinna, Finland.

Disposals/Reserve: Professor Fedinskiy to Azerbaijan.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Professor Ryabinkin1989CASP
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Hydrometeorological Service and weather ships
(This section lists ships subordinated to the Hydrometeorological Service, and weather ships of unknown subordination)

Mikhail Somov (Amguema class) polar logistics ship (1 ship)

Displacement: 11,290 tons full load
Dimensions: 133.13 x 18.85 x 9.05 meters/371.2 x 61.8 x 29.7 feet
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, 2 diesels, 2 shafts, 7,150 shp, 15 knots
Crew: 54
Cargo: approx. 6,500 tons

Concept/Program: A standard commercial icebreaking passenger/cargo ship formerly used by the Arctic and Antarctic Institute as a resupply ship; now assigned to the Hydrometeorological Service.

Builders: Kherson SY, Ukraine.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Mikhail Somov1975
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Akademik Kurchatov class weather reporting ships (4 ships)

Displacement: 6,986 tons full load
Dimensions: 124.2 x 17 x 6.1 meters/407.5 x 55.8 x 20 feet
Propulsion: 2 MAN diesels, 2 shafts, 8,000 shp, 18.3 knots
Crew: 80 + 74 mission crew

Concept/Program: Large weather reporting ships; resemble small cruise ships in design. Two sisters assigned to the Academy of Sciences. Mostly inactive since 1991.

Builders: Mathias Thesen Werft, Wismar, East Germany. Built 1966-1968.

Disposals/Reserve: Professor Zubov now in Ukranian commercial service.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Akademik Korolev196?PACVladivostok
Akademik Shirskov196?PACVladivostok
Akademik Vernadskiy196?BLKSevastopol
Professor Vize196?
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Passat class weather reporting ships (3 ships)

Displacement: 4,145 tons full load
Dimensions: 96.9 x 13.8 x 5.3 meters/317.9 x 45.3 x 17.4 feet
Propulsion: 2 Sulzer diesels, 2 shafts, 4,800 bhp, 16 knots
Crew: 50-55 + 50-60 mission crew

Concept/Program: Large weather reporting/research ships built for the Hydromet Service. Are now largely employed in carrying commercial cargoes.

Builders: A. Warski SY, Szczecin, Poland. Built 1969-1970.

Disposals/Reserve: Six sisters and near-sisters are now in Ukranian commercial service.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
OkeanPACVladivostok
PriboyPACVladivostok
PrilivPACVladivostok
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Georgiy Sedov (Dobrynya Nikitich) class weather reporting ships (2 ships)

Displacement: 2,675-2,940 tons full load
Dimensions: 67.7 x 18.29 x 6.06 meters/222 x 59.9 x 19.9 feet
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, 3 diesels, 2 shafts, 5,400 shp, 14.5 knots; 1 bow shaft
Crew: 39

Concept/Program: Standard Soviet/Russian port icebreakers modified as weather reporting ships for the Hydromet Service.

Builders: Admiralty SY, St. Petersburg.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Georgiy Sedov1965
Petr Pakhtusov1966
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Valerian Uryvayev class weather reporting ships (3 ships)

Displacement: 1,050-1,124 tons full load
Dimensions: 54.8-55.6 x 9.5 x 4.27 meters/179.8-182.4 x 31.2 x 14 feet
Propulsion: 1 diesel, 1 shaft, 880 bhp, 11 knots
Crew: 20-25 + 10-15 mission crew

Concept/Program: Hydrometeorological Service-operated versions of a widely-used research/survey ship class; outfitted for weather research/reporting duties.

Builders: Khabarovsk SY.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Vesvlod Berezkin1975NORMurmansk
Dalnziye Zelentsy1978NORMurmansk
Valerian Uryvayev1988PAC
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Vadim Popov class weather reporting/coastal logistics ships (5 ships)

Displacement: approx. 960 tons full load
Dimensions: 49.9 x 10 x 3.5 meters/163.7 x 32.8 x 11.5 feet
Propulsion: 1 diesel, 1 shaft, 1,340 bhp, 12 knots
Crew: 21 + 7 mission crew + 7 passengers/transients

Concept/Program: Small coastal cargo ships intended for resupply of remote stations and for weather reporting duties.

Builders: Laivateollisuus SY, Turku, Finland.

Disposals/Reserve: Vasily Lominadze to Azerbaijan.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Vadim Popov1986PAC
Viktor Buynitskiy1986NORMurmansk
Pavel Gordienko1987PAC
Igor Maksimov1987PAC
Ivan Petrov1988PAC
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Academy of Sciences

Akademik Kurchatov class oceanographic research ships (2 ships)

Displacement: 6,986 tons full load
Dimensions: 124.2 x 17 x 6.1 meters/407.5 x 55.8 x 20 feet
Propulsion: 2 MAN diesels, 2 shafts, 8,000 shp, 18.3 knots
Crew: 80 + 74 mission crew

Concept/Program: Large oceanographic research ships; resemble small cruise ships in design. Four sisters are weather reporting ships for the Hydromet Service. Mostly inactive since 1991.

Builders: Mathias Thesen Werft, Wismar, East Germany. Built 1966-1968.

Disposals/Reserve: Professor Zubov now in Ukranian commercial service.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Akademik KurchatovBALT
Dmitriy MendeleyevPACVladivostok
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Vityaz' class survey ships (3 ships)

Displacement: 5,700 tons full load
Dimensions: 110.93 x 16.62 x 5.7 meters/363.9 x 54.5 x 18.7 feet
Propulsion: 2 Sulzer diesels, 2 shafts, 6,400 bhp, 16 knots
Crew: 61 + 65 mission crew

Concept/Program: Large, well-equipped survey ships designed for worldwide seafloor survey work. Carry small submersibles.

Builders: A. Warski SY, Szczecin, Poland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Vityaz'1981BLKNovorossiysk
Adademik Aleksandr Nesmeyanov1982PACVladivostok
Adademik Aleksandr Vinogradov1983PACVladivostok
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Akademik Mstislav Keldysh oceanographic research ship (1 ship)

Displacement: 5,500 tons full load
Dimensions: 122.21 x 17.81 x 5.9 meters/401 x 58.4 x 19.4 feet
Propulsion: 4 diesels, 2 shafts, 5,820 bhp, 16 knots
Crew: 65 + 65 mission crew

Concept/Program: Large general-purpose oceanographic research ship built for the Academy of Sciences; carries two research submersibles.

Builders: Hollming SY, Rauma, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Adademik Mstislav Keldysh1980BALTKaliningrad
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Akademik Boris Petrov class oceanographic research ships (4 ships)

Displacement: 2,325-2,550 tons full load
Dimensions: 75.45 x 14.7 x 4.7 meters/247.5 x 48.2 x 15.4 feet
Propulsion: 2 Pielstick diesels, 1 shaft, 3,430 bhp, 15.5 knots
Crew: 41 + 26 mission crew + 7 transients

Concept/Program: General-purpose research ships built for the Institute for Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences. 5th and 6th units apparently cancelled or never ordered.

Builders: Hollming, Rauma, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Akademik Boris Petrov1984
Akademik M.A. Lavrent'yev1984
Akademik Nikolay Strakhov1985
Akademik Oparin1985
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Akademik Shuleykin class weather reporting ships (5 ships)

Displacement: 2,140 tons full load
Dimensions: 71.6 x 12.8 x 4.85 meters/234.9 x 42 x 15.9 feet
Propulsion: 2 diesels, 2 shafts, 3,120 bhp, 14 knots
Crew: 38 + 38 mission crew

Concept/Program: Weather reporting ships built for the Academy of Sciences.

Builders: Laivateollisuus SY, Turku, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Akademik Shuleykin1982BALTSt. Petersburg
Professor Pavel Molchanov1982NORMurmansk
Akademik Shokalskiy1982PACVladivostok
Professor Khromov1983PACVladivostok
Professor Mul'tanovskiy1983BALTSt. Petersburg
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Zarya (Korall class) oceanographic research ship (1 ship)

Displacement: approx. 600 tons full load
Dimensions: 52.56 x 8.97 x 3.38 meters/172.4 x 29.4 x 11 feet
Propulsion: Sail, 3 masts; 1 diesel, 1 shaft, 300 bhp, 7-8 knots
Crew: 35 + 10 mission crew

Concept/Program: A survivor of a large class of three masted schooners built by Finland as war reparations. Now used by the Institute of Earth Magentism, Ionoshpheric and Radio Wave Propagation of the Academy of Sciences. Two sisters survive in other roles; see below.

Builders: Laivateollisuus SY, Turku, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Zarya1952NORMurmansk
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Ministry of Geology

Geolog Dmitriy Nalybkin (Modified Akademik Shuleykin class) seismic survey ship (1 ship)

Displacement: 2,554 tons full load
Dimensions: 74.61 x 12.83 x 4.7 meters/244.8 x 42.1 x 15.4 feet
Propulsion: 2 diesels, 1 shaft, 3,126 bhp, 14 knots
Crew: 31-38 + 31-38 mission crew

Concept/Program: Modified version of the Shuleykin class weather ships, outfitted as a seismic survey/research ship for the Ministry of Geology.

Builders: Laivateollisuus SY, Turku, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Geolog Dmitriy Nalyvkin1985NORMurmansk
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Poligon (Modified Al'pinist) class research drillship (1 ship)

Displacement: 1,250 tons full load
Dimensions: 53.65 x 10.51 x 4.9 meters/176 x 34.5 x 16.1 feet
Propulsion: 1 diesel, 1 shaft, 1,320 bhp, 12.5 knots
Crew: 26 + 11 mission crew

Concept/Program: Sternhaul trawler modified as geophysical resarch drillships for the Ministry of Geology. Sisters serve the Ministry of the Gas Industry.

Builders: Yaroslavl' SY.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Poligon1989
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Geolog Primor'ye coastal geophysical research ship (1 ship)

Displacement: 791 tons full load
Dimensions: 85.3 x 18.2 x 3.6 meters/279.9 x 59.7 x 118.1 feet
Propulsion: 2 diesels, 2 shafts, 1,200 bhp, 9 knots
Crew: ??

Concept/Program: Catameran-hulled research ship operated by the Ministry of Geology. Can lay a four point moor.

Builders: unknown, Vladivostok.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Geolog Primor'ye1983PACNakhodka
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Discarded Classes: The new research ship Dalmorgeologiya was cancelled in 1992, as was a new research icebreaker being built in Finland.


Ministry of Fisheries

Rift (Modified Al'pinist) class oceanographic research ships (2 ships)

Displacement: 1,140-1,185 tons full load
Dimensions: 53.65 x 10.51 x 4.9 meters/176 x 34.5 x 16.1 feet
Propulsion: 1 diesel, 1 shaft, 1,320 bhp, 12.5 knots
Crew: 26 + 11 mission crew

Concept/Program: Sternhaul trawlers modified as oceanographic research ships, carrying small manned submersibles.

Builders: Yaroslavl' SY.

Disposals/Reserve: Gidrooptik taken over by Georgia.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Rift1982
Gidronavt1983
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Other Scientific Ships
(This section lists ships whose subordination is unknown, and those ships subordinated to agencies that do not have their own section in this list.)

Akademik Fedorov polar logistics ship (1 ship)

Displacement: 16,020 tons full load
Dimensions: 141.2 x 23.5 x 8.5 meters/463.3 x 77.1 x 27.9 feet
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, 4 diesels, 1 shaft, 18,132 shp, 16 knots
Crew: 90 + 160 passengers
Aviation: aft helicopter deck and hangar for 1 Ka-32S helicopter

Concept/Program: Large icebreaking cargo ship built for the Arctic and Antarctic Institute to support installations in the Antarctic. Can break 1.8 meter/5.9 foot ice.

Builders: Rauma-Repola, Rauma, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Akademik Fedorov1987
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Kosmonavt Pavel Belyayev class space event support ships (4 ships)

Displacement: 7,230 tons full load
Dimensions: 121.8 x 16.7 x 5.6 meters/399.6 x 54.8 x 18.4 feet
Propulsion: 1 diesel, 1 shaft, 5,200 bhp, 15 knots
Crew: 56 + 70-80 mission crew

Concept/Program: Converted from Vytegrales class timber carriers. Operated by the Navy until transferred to the Ministry of Space in 1995. Mostly inactive since 1991.

Builders: Construction and conversion by Severnaya Verf 190, St. Petersburg, Russia.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Kosmonavt Pavel Belyayev1963/77
Kosmonavt Vladislav Volkov1964/77
Kosmonavt Viktor Patseyev1968/78
Kosmonavt Georgiy Dobrovolskiy1968/78
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Discarded Classes: All other space event support ships discarded as follows: Akademik Nikolay Pilyugin sold incomplete for conversion to a cruise ship, Kosmonavt Yuriy Gagarin and Akademik Sergey Korolev to Ukraine upon the breakup of the USSR and sold for scrapping in 1997; all four Borovichi class sold for scrapping 1989.

Akademik Sergei Vavilov class oceanographic research ships (2 ships)

Displacement: 6,600 tons full load
Dimensions: 117.13 x 18.22 x 5.9 meters/384.3 x 59.8 x 19.4 feet
Propulsion: 2 Pielstick diesels, 2 shafts, 6,934 bhp, 15 knots
Crew: 75 + 52 mission crew

Concept/Program: Large oceanographic research ships; both have operated in commercial cruiseship service since 1994.

Builders: Hollming, Rauma, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Akademik Sergei Vavilov1988
Akademik Ioffe1989
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Modified Pulkovskiy Meridian class oceanographic research ships (9 ships)

Displacement: 5,500-5,715 tons full load
Dimensions: 104.5 x 16 x 6.35 meters/342.8 x 52.5 x 20.8 feet
Propulsion: 2 diesels, 1 shaft, 6,900-7,004 bhp, 14.5-15.5 knots
Crew: approx. 52 + 40 mission crew

Concept/Program: Converted from sternhaul factory trawlers while under construction. Employed in various research roles, and vary greatly in equipment and appearance. "Geolog" named units are probably subordinated to the Ministry of Geology.

Builders: Chernomorskiy SY, Nikolayev, Ukraine.

Disposals/Reserve: Geolog Petr Antropov sold 1995.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
XVII Syezd Profsoyuzov1982
Morskoy Geolog1983PAC
Akademik Aleksander Karpinskiy1984
Akademik Aleksander Sidorenko1985
Geolog Fersman1986
Sevmorgeologiya1989
Gelendzhik1990
Professor Logachev1991
Yuzhmorgeologiya1992
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Dmitriy Ovtsyn class coastal survey ships (15 ships)

Displacement: 1,650-1,675 tons full load
Dimensions: 68.75 x 11.9 x 4.2-4.5 meters/225.6 x 39 x 13.8-14.8 feet
Propulsion: 1 diesel, 1 shaft, 2,200 bhp, 12 knots
Crew: 35 + 25 mission crew

Concept/Program: General-purpose survey ships, subordinated to the Ministry of the Maritime Fleet, Academy of Sciences, and Hydromet Service.

Builders: Laivateollisuus SY, Turku/Abo, Finland.

Disposals/Reserve: Four sisters to Ukraine upon the breakup of the USSR.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Dmitriy Laptev1970
Dmitriy Ovtsyn1970
Dmitri Sterlevgov1971
Eduard Toll1972
Nikolay Kolomeytsev1972
Nikolay Yevgenov1974
Vladimir Sukhtskiy1974
Fyodor Matisen1976
Professor Bogorov1976
Georgiy Maksomov1977
Ivan Kireyev1977
Pavel Bashmakov1977
Yakov Smirnitskiy1977
Professor Shtokman1979
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Aleksey Maryshev class coastal survey ships (3 ships)

Displacement: 1,570 tons full load
Dimensions: 64.9 x 12.92 x 3.6 meters/212.9 x 42.4 x 11.8 feet
Propulsion: 2 diesels, 1 shaft, 3,500 bhp, 13.9 knots
Crew: 40

Concept/Program: Small survey ships built for use along arctic coasts and rivers; resemble buoy tenders. At least two have been employed in carrying commercial cargoes in recent years.

Builders: Hollming, Rauma/Turku, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Aleksey Maryshev1991
Petr Kottsov1991
Grigoriy Mikheyev1991
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Valerian Uryvayev class oceanographic research ships (14 ships)

Displacement: 1,050-1,124 tons full load
Dimensions: 54.8-55.6 x 9.5 x 4.27 meters/179.8-182.4 x 31.1 x 14 feet
Propulsion: 1 diesel, 1 shaft, 880 bhp, 11 knots
Crew: 20-25 + 10-15 mission crew

Concept/Program: General-purpose research ships employed in various roles by the Arctic and Antarctic Institute and the Academy of Science. Sisters serve the Hydromet Service.

Builders: Khabarovsk SY.

Disposals/Reserve: Several sisters transferred to other nations upon the breakup of the USSR.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Poisk1974PAC
Morskoy Geofizik1975PAC
Vulkanolog1976PAC
Iskatel'1977PAC
Vyacheslav Frolov1979PAC
Vladimir Obruchev1984PAC
Issledovatel'1988CASP
Professor Gagarinskiy1989PAC
Chayvo1982PAC
Elm1982CASP
Geofizikh1983PAC
Kern1991NORMurmansk
Impuls1992PAC
Kapitan Prikhodko1995PAC
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Polyarnyy Odissey (Korall class) oceanographic research ship (1 ship)

Displacement: approx. 600 tons full load
Dimensions: 52.56 x 8.97 x 3.38 meters/172.4 x 29.4 x 11 feet
Propulsion: Sail, 3 masts; 1 diesel, 1 shaft, 300 bhp, 7-8 knots
Crew: 35 + 10 mission crew

Concept/Program: A survivor of a large class of three masted schooners built by Finland as war reparations. Now used by the Northern Branch of the Russian Geophysical Society. Two sisters survive in other roles.

Builders: Laivateollisuus SY, Turku, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Polyarnyy Odissey1950NOR
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Kapitan V.N. Aktylov (Modified T-43 class) coastal oceanographic research ship (1 ship)

Displacement: 580 tons full load
Dimensions: 58 x 8.5 x 2.3 meters/190.3 x 27.9 x 7.5 feet
Propulsion: 2 diesels, 2 shafts, 2,200 bhp, 14.5 knots
Crew: 16 + 12 mission crew

Concept/Program: Former T-43 minesweeper converted to an acoustical monitoring ship, then to a research ship. Subordinated to the A.N. Krylov Research Institute.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Kapitan V.N. AktylovBLK
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Discarded Classes: Research ship Vladimir Parshin is now Azerbaijani property; Akademik Aleksey Krylov, Izumrud, and Akademik Petrovskiy are now Ukranian property; Otto Schmidt was sold in 1992. Surviving Akademik Aleksey Krylov class ocean survey ships were laid up in 1994.


Sail Training Ships

Sedov sail training ship (1 ship)

Displacement: ??
Dimensions: ??
Propulsion: Sail, 4 masts
Crew: ??

Concept/Program: Large four-masted bark, originally a German-owned working sailing ship, taken over by the USSR in 1946. Operated by the Kaliningrad Higher Marine Engineering College. Largest active sailing ship in the world.

Builders: unknown, Hamburg, Germany.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Sedov1921/46BALTKaliningrad
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Kruzenshtern sail training ship (1 ship)

Displacement: ??
Dimensions: 177 x ?? x ?? meters
Propulsion: Sail, 4 masts
Crew: ??

Concept/Program: Large four-masted bark, originally a German-owned working sailing ship, taken over by the USSR in 1946. Operated by the Kaliningrad Higher Marine Engineering College. Second-largest active sailing ship in the world.

Builders: unknown, Hamburg, Germany.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Kruzenshtern1926/46
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Mir class sail training ships (4 ships)

Displacement: 2,986 tons full load
Dimensions: 108.6 x 14 x 6.6 meters/356.3 x 45.9 x 21.7 feet
Propulsion: Sail, 3 masts; 2 Sulzer diesels, 2 shafts, 1,140 bhp, 17 knots
Crew: 53 + 90 cadets

Concept/Program: Group of four relatively modern sail training vessels; three masted full-rigged ships.

Builders: Stocznia Gdansk, Poland. Built late 1980's.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Mir1987BALTSt. Petersburg
Pallada1989PACVladivostok
Druzhba
Nadezhda
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Kodor (Korall class) sail training ship (1 ship)

Displacement: approx. 600 tons full load
Dimensions: 52.56 x 8.97 x 3.38 meters/172.4 x 29.4 x 11 feet
Propulsion: Sail, 3 masts; 1 diesel, 1 shaft, 300 bhp, 7-8 knots
Crew: 35 + 10 mission crew

Concept/Program: A survivor of a large class of three masted schooners built by Finland as war reparations. Now used by the St. Petersburg Higher Engineering Marine College as a training ship. Two sisters survive in other roles.

Builders: Laivateollisuus SY, Turku, Finland.

NameYearFLTHomeportNotes
Kodor195?BALTSt. Petersburg
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Discarded Classes: Sail training ship Tovarishch is now Ukranian.


Back to World Navies Today - Russia
Compiled and maintained by Andrew Toppan.
Copyright © 1998-2003, Andrew Toppan. All Rights Reserved.
Reproduction, reuse, or distribution without permission is prohibited.

The international Antarctic Circumnavigation expedition (ACE) on board of the vessel Akademik Treshnikov, held in the framework of the 62-nd Russian Antarctic expedition (RAE), began their research around Antarctica from Cape Town on 20 December 2016. 22 research projects had been competitively selected for the expedition. Their purpose is studying the southern ocean as one of the most important area that shape the Earth's climate, and the most interesting part of the planet, which ecosystems are the least on land subjected to anthropogenic impact.

Previously, such travel for scientific purposes was not undertaken. Still now there were held 14 world expeditions around the Antarctic since the voyage of James Cook in 1772-1775 at a sufficiently large distance from Antarctica and the voyage of Bellingshausen and Lazarev in 1819-1821 in the vicinity of the ice continent, which provided the opening of the ice continent. Expedition ACE for the first time plans to explore the water column, near-water atmospheric layer, the benthic community of organisms in the shallow waters around the islands, birds and mammals in a single voyage around Antarctica in the summer-autumn time, with a fairly high frequency stations, and in some settings in continuous measurement mode.

The most of projects deal with biological research, six of them have the hydrometeorological orientation, the two projects are paleoclimatic and the least one is glaciological. The main part of the research involves the study of the ocean composition and quality of its water, as well as hydrophysical characteristics. Three projects aimed at measuring greenhouse gases, aerosol particles, isotopic composition of water vapor in the near-water layer of the atmosphere. Seven projects assume landing on the islands. One of the features of ACE is scheduled visits to all sub-Antarctic islands, and some islands located off the coast of Antarctica.

Marion Isle (South Africa), Crozet archipelago, including the Isles of Possession and Kerguelen, (France) were visited during the first stage of the expedition

Marion Island. Photo by D. Y. Bolshiyanov (AARI)

Isle Possession, Crozet archipelago. Photo by D. Y. Bolshiyanov (AARI)

The Heard Island. Photo by D. Y. Bolshiyanov (AARI)

At the junctions between the islands the marine studies, sampling of water, air, plankton, observing on birds and mammals were carried out. During the landings on the islands the paleogeographic studies, biodiversity, sampling of water, soil and air for future research in laboratories were conducted. Weather conditions in the first stage of the expedition were hard. The wind speed reached 30 m/s, and wave height raised up to 12-14 meters. They complicated the execution of works and time of landings on the islands was reduced.

On 19 January the vessel Akademik Treshnikov arrived at the port of Hobart (Australia). The expedition team partially changed and also installation of additional scientific equipment and replenishment of fuel and food was done. This marked the end of the First stage of the international expedition ACE.

On 22 January the vessel Akademik Treshnikov departed the port of Hobart (Australia) and headed to the shores of Antarctica, where the research will be continued. The second stage of ACE will last until the end of February, when the vessel is due to arrive in port in Punta Arenas (Chile). The works at the Balleny, Peter Scott and Diego Ramirez Islands, as well as the research in the area of the Mertz glacier on the coast of Antarctica are planned in the second phase of ACE.

The route of the ACE

Links:

First Stage of International Antarctic Circumnavigation Expedition on Board of Research Vessel Akademik Treshnikov Completed

New Swiss Polar Institute to explore Antarctic

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